Lilburne, John

Lilburne, John
(?1614–57)
   Rebel.
   Lilburne was born of an interesting family. His father was one of the last people in England to demand settlement by single combat in a civil suit and his brother, Robert, was one of the signatories of the death warrant of King Charles i. He was born in Greenwich, England, and, as a young man, was whipped and pilloried for circulating unlicensed books. He is remembered as the most prominent of the Levellers, a radical party of the Commonwealth period. The Levellers demanded that sovereignty be transferred to the House of Commons and that the House be elected by universal suffrage.
   They also campaigned for freedom of religion and equality before the law. Eventually most of the party leaders were arrested. Lilburne himself was banished in 1652 and, when he returned to England, he was put on trial and imprisoned until 1655. He was released after it was known he had converted to Quakerism and would cause no more trouble. He was the author of The Case of the Army Truly Stated, which was published in 1647. After 1651, the Levellers ceased to be a significant political force.
   J. Frank, The Levellers: A History of the Writings of Three Seventeenth-Century Social Democrats, John Lilburne, Richard Overton and William Walwyn (1955);
   P.E. Gregg, Free-Born John: A Biography of John Lilburne (1961).

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  • Lilburne, John — born 1614?, Greenwich, near London, Eng. died Aug. 29, 1657, Eltham, Kent English revolutionary. A Separatist, he joined the Puritan opposition to Charles I and helped smuggle Puritan pamphlets into England, for which he was imprisoned (1638–40) …   Universalium

  • Lilburne, John — (¿1614?, Greenwich, cerca de Londres, Inglaterra–29 ago. 1657, Eltham, Kent). Revolucionario inglés. De tendencia separatista, se integró a la oposición puritana a Carlos I y ayudó a ingresar de contrabando panfletos puritanos a Inglaterra, por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LILBURNE, JOHN —    a victim of the Star Chamber in the time of Charles I., and exposed on the pillory as well as fined and imprisoned; joined the Parliamentary ranks and fought for the Commonwealth, but as an Independent indulged in violent harangues against… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • John Lilburne — (* ca. 1614; † 28. August 1657), auch bekannt als Freeborn John, war einer der bekanntesten Wortführer der radikaldemokratischen „Levellers“ in England des siebzehnten Jahrhunderts. Er ist der Bruder von Robert Lilburne. Lilburne wurde als Sohn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LILBURNE (J.) — LILBURNE JOHN (1614 1657) Chef le plus célèbre du mouvement des niveleurs au temps de la révolution anglaise, John Lilburne sut allier l’action militante la plus déterminée à la réflexion idéologique la plus poussée (il est l’auteur d’une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • John Lilburne — (1614 ndash;29 August 1657), also known as Freeborn John, was an agitator in England before, during and after the English Civil Wars of 1642 ndash;1650. In his early life he was a Puritan, though towards the end of his life he became a Quaker.… …   Wikipedia

  • Lilburne — ist der Name von John Lilburne (* ca. 1614; † 1657, auch bekannt als Freeborn John), Anführer der radikaldemokratischen Levellers im England des siebzehnten Jahrhunderts. Robert Lilburne (1613−1665), Anführer der Levellers , Politiker und Soldat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Bastwick — was born in Essex in 1593. When he finished his education at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, he took a medical degree at Padua. Bastwick was a Puritan and he was imprisoned several times for his controversial writings. Bastwick became friendly with… …   Wikipedia

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